He emigrated from Poland to Belgium in 1927, worked on various jobs, including in a mine, hotel, bakery. At the time of the German invasion (May 1940) he lived in Antwerp. In the summer of 1942 he tried to move to the “free zone” of France, controlled by the Vichy government, but was detained. He escaped from the Gurs camp, was caught and placed in the Merignac camp. From there, on February 3, 1943, he was transferred to the transit camp of Drancy near Paris, and on March 25 he was deported by transport 53 to Sobibor. There he worked on sorting things of dead prisoners. After the escape on October 14, he was hiding in the forest. Subsequently returned to Belgium.